Forest Based Livelihood(NTFP)
Forest Based Livelihood...
Non Timber Forest Produce
and Tribal Livelihood Gap Analysis
The gap analysis study carried
out by CInI indicates that NTFP is a source of cash money for tribal population.
In most of the markets in tribal areas, on market day natives carry head loads of
available NTFP to the market. These are been sold to the local trader and the natives
do their weekly market with the cash so obtained. These NTFPs pass through a series
of value addition and are sold at substantially high rate to the consumers in urban
areas. In NTFP collection, the issues observed are at three levels, namely: (i)
primary producer or collector level; (ii) at intervention level; and (iii) at the
NTFP sector level.
A. Primary producers’/ collectors’ level
· Small quantities at individual levels
· Immediate requirement for cash, leading to distress sale
· Low financial capacity to hold the produce and sale at remunerative
· Lack of technical know-how about processing, storage.
· Poor infrastructure for storage/ processing.
· High-end value NTFP not collected due to lack of proper price.
· Limited collection of certain NTFPs due to non-availability of
B. At the intervention level (NGO)
· Project based intervention with short time frame, focus on grant
and less on business mode.
· Lack of aggregation, the producer is limited to small number
of SHGs/ producers- lack volume for trade as a result.
· Next level of intervention i.e. packaging, branding, lack of
know how and technical capacity of the agency to deliver etc not possible.
· The organizations usually good in community mobilization but
lack resources for quality control and developing potent market linkages.
· Lack of proper planning, multiple product generation and diversification
of the NTFP by the NGO.
C. At the NTFP Sector level
· Exploitative extraction of NTFP from common resources.
· Lack of sustainable harvesting practices.
· Increasing biotic pressure on the NTFP resources, generating
competition amongst the collectors
· Lack of innovation and domestication of certain NTFP products.
· Lack of strategic linkages with the market.
Non Timber Forest Produce
Plan FY 2010-2012
Identify key regional NTFPs and promote them as profitable and viable options for
income generation, enhance tribal livelihood and conservation of forest resources.
· To ensure that 4,000 tribal households increase their income
from NTFP marketing and processing by 30% against baseline
· To Develop capabilities of 7 CBO for the operation and management
of NTFP enterprises and its various functions related to institutional setup.
· To strengthen the backward
and forward linkages of 7 enterprises for enhancing sustainable production.
· To disseminate best practices generated from the project for
promotion of NTFP product base enterprises.
· Training needs assessment through Mapping of current status on
functioning of CBOs.
· To strengthen the backward and forward linkages of 7 enterprises
for enhancing sustainable production
· Value chain Analysis of selected NTFP products
· Studying of credit need requirements of NTFP harvesters
· Identification and implementation of certification on various
· Action research study on NTFP products
Key Partners under Non Timber
Forest Produce Initiative
Center for Advanced Research
and Development (CARD):
Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD)
is a nonprofit organization with its head office at
, Madhya Pradesh. CARD has been established to promote advanced research and to
apply its findings for the protection and development of the society and its environment.
CARD believes in Community-based Natural Resource Management approach
to reduce rural poverty. For more details visit:
Pararth Samiti established with
a vision to “establish a society free of social
and economic uncertainties where every one gets equal opportunities to excel”
as a voluntary organization the Samiti endeavors to work as facilitators in the
overall process of development. Based at Chhindwara, district, Madhya Pradesh the
samiti works in 166 villages in 11 development blocks of
Chhindwara, district. Pararth believes in the people’s power and the ability
of the poor and deprived section of the society to change their situation and find
solutions to their problems by creating a deeper understanding of their own problems.
, out of the
total land area of 329 million ha, only 77 million ha are classified as forests.
This represents only 22% of the total geographical area as against the recommended
forest coverage of 33%. Historically, forests have been providing substantial support
to rural economy. Forests form a part of the culture and natural way of life of
tribal communities residing within and surrounding forest.
Non- Timber Forest
Products are the products obtained from
forests other than timber. NTFP
products are crucial in meeting local communities’
subsistence needs, providing a safety net in times of need and contributing to seasonal
The contribution of NTFP to the forestry sector in most countries
is significant, and in
, NTFPs provide about 40 percent of total official forest
revenues and 55 percent of forest-based employment.
Nearly 500 million people living in and around forests in
rely on NTFPs as
a critical component for their sustenance. Since NTFPs involve a large variety of
seasonal products, returns are frequent and relatively continuous.
In addition to subsistence and income-generating potential, NTFPs also provide food
security to large low-income populations.
A high percentage of
’s Tribal population
lives in central
region where forest coverage is 30% of the total geographical
area contributing around 20% of the total annual income of the tribal family.
CInI envisage to identify key regional NTFPs and promote it as a profitable and
viable option for income generation; enhance tribal livelihood and conservation
of forest resources.