Forest Based Livelihood(NTFP) Forest Based Livelihood... Home

Non Timber Forest Produce and Tribal Livelihood Gap Analysis

The gap analysis study carried out by CInI indicates that NTFP is a source of cash money for tribal population. In most of the markets in tribal areas, on market day natives carry head loads of available NTFP to the market. These are been sold to the local trader and the natives do their weekly market with the cash so obtained. These NTFPs pass through a series of value addition and are sold at substantially high rate to the consumers in urban areas. In NTFP collection, the issues observed are at three levels, namely: (i) primary producer or collector level; (ii) at intervention level; and (iii) at the NTFP sector level.

A. Primary producers’/ collectors’ level

· Small quantities at individual levels
· Immediate requirement for cash, leading to distress sale
· Low financial capacity to hold the produce and sale at remunerative price
· Lack of technical know-how about processing, storage.
· Poor infrastructure for storage/ processing.
· High-end value NTFP not collected due to lack of proper price.
· Limited collection of certain NTFPs due to non-availability of markets.

B. At the intervention level (NGO)

· Project based intervention with short time frame, focus on grant and less on business mode.
· Lack of aggregation, the producer is limited to small number of SHGs/ producers- lack volume for trade as a result.
· Next level of intervention i.e. packaging, branding, lack of know how and technical capacity of the agency to deliver etc not possible.
· The organizations usually good in community mobilization but lack resources for quality control and developing potent market linkages.
· Lack of proper planning, multiple product generation and diversification of the NTFP by the NGO.

C. At the NTFP Sector level

· Exploitative extraction of NTFP from common resources.
· Lack of sustainable harvesting practices.
· Increasing biotic pressure on the NTFP resources, generating competition amongst the collectors
· Lack of innovation and domestication of certain NTFP products.
· Lack of strategic linkages with the market.

Non Timber Forest Produce Plan FY 2010-2012


Identify key regional NTFPs and promote them as profitable and viable options for income generation, enhance tribal livelihood and conservation of forest resources.


· To ensure that 4,000 tribal households increase their income from NTFP marketing and processing by 30% against baseline
· To Develop capabilities of 7 CBO for the operation and management of NTFP enterprises and its various functions related to institutional setup.
· To strengthen the backward and forward linkages of 7 enterprises for enhancing sustainable production.
· To disseminate best practices generated from the project for promotion of NTFP product base enterprises.


· Training needs assessment through Mapping of current status on functioning of CBOs.
· To strengthen the backward and forward linkages of 7 enterprises for enhancing sustainable production
· Value chain Analysis of selected NTFP products
· Studying of credit need requirements of NTFP harvesters
· Identification and implementation of certification on various NTFP products
· Action research study on NTFP products

Key Partners under Non Timber Forest Produce Initiative

Center for Advanced Research and Development (CARD):


Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD) is a nonprofit organization with its head office at Bhopal , Madhya Pradesh. CARD has been established to promote advanced research and to apply its findings for the protection and development of the society and its environment. CARD believes in Community-based Natural Resource Management approach to reduce rural poverty. For more details visit:

Pararth Samiti:

Pararth Samiti established with a vision to “establish a society free of social and economic uncertainties where every one gets equal opportunities to excel” as a voluntary organization the Samiti endeavors to work as facilitators in the overall process of development. Based at Chhindwara, district, Madhya Pradesh the samiti works in 166 villages in 11 development blocks of  Chhindwara, district. Pararth believes in the people’s power and the ability of the poor and deprived section of the society to change their situation and find solutions to their problems by creating a deeper understanding of their own problems.

In India , out of the total land area of 329 million ha, only 77 million ha are classified as forests. This represents only 22% of the total geographical area as against the recommended forest coverage of 33%. Historically, forests have been providing substantial support to rural economy. Forests form a part of the culture and natural way of life of tribal communities residing within and surrounding forest. Non- Timber Forest Products are the products obtained from forests other than timber. NTFP products are crucial in meeting local communities’ subsistence needs, providing a safety net in times of need and contributing to seasonal income. The contribution of NTFP to the forestry sector in most countries is significant, and in India , NTFPs provide about 40 percent of total official forest revenues and 55 percent of forest-based employment. Nearly 500 million people living in and around forests in India rely on NTFPs as a critical component for their sustenance. Since NTFPs involve a large variety of seasonal products, returns are frequent and relatively continuous. In addition to subsistence and income-generating potential, NTFPs also provide food security to large low-income populations. A high percentage of India ’s Tribal population lives in central India region where forest coverage is 30% of the total geographical area contributing around 20% of the total annual income of the tribal family. CInI envisage to identify key regional NTFPs and promote it as a profitable and viable option for income generation; enhance tribal livelihood and conservation of forest resources.

Site Designed and Maintained by Generix Info Pvt. Ltd.